Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
NOTE 2 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”).
In accordance with GAAP, these interim statements do not contain all of the disclosures normally required in annual statements. In addition, the results of operations of interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the full year. Accordingly, these interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s most recent audited annual financial statements and accompanying notes for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Certain reclassifications have been made to prior periods’ data to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on reported income (losses) or cash flows.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of MariMed Inc. and the following majority-owned subsidiaries:
Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts within the financial statements and disclosures thereof. Actual results could differ from these estimates or assumptions.
The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity date of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The fair values of these investments approximate their carrying values.
The Company’s cash and cash equivalents are maintained with recognized financial institutions located in the United States. In the normal course of business, the Company may carry balances with certain financial institutions that exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced losses on balances in excess of such limits and management believes the Company is not exposed to significant risks in that regard.
Accounts receivable consist of trade receivables and are carried at their estimated collectible amounts.
The Company provides credit to its clients in the form of payment terms. The Company limits its credit risk by performing credit evaluations of its clients and maintaining a reserve, if deemed necessary, for potential credit losses. Such evaluations include the review of a client’s outstanding balances with consideration towards such client’s historical collection experience, as well as prevailing economic and market conditions and other factors. Based on such evaluations, the Company recorded a reserve of $250,000 and $150,000 at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
Inventory is carried at the lower of cost or net realizable value, with the cost being determined on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis. The Company periodically reviews physical inventory and will record a reserve for excess and/or obsolete inventory if necessary. As of the date of this report, no reserve was deemed necessary.
The Company classifies its investments as available-for-sale-investments. Investments are comprised of equity holding of private companies. These investments are recorded at fair value on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet, with changes to fair value, if any, included in comprehensive income. Investments are evaluated for other-than-temporary impairment and are written down if such impairments are deemed to have occurred.
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, Revenue from Contract with Customers, as amended by subsequently issued Accounting Standards Updates. This revenue standard requires an entity to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that it expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The recognition of revenue is determined by performing the following consecutive steps:
Additionally, when another party is involved in providing goods or services to the Company’s clients, a determination is made as to who—the Company or the other party—is acting in the capacity as the principal in the sale transaction, and who is merely the agent arranging for goods or services to be provided by the other party.
The Company is typically considered the principal if it controls the specified good or service before such good or service is transferred to its client. The Company may also be deemed to be the principal even if it engages another party (an agent) to satisfy some of the performance obligations on its behalf, provided the Company (i) takes on certain responsibilities, obligations and risks, (ii) possesses certain abilities and discretion, or (iii) other relevant indicators of the sale. If deemed an agent, the Company would not recognize revenue for the performance obligations it does not satisfy.
The adoption of this standard did not have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated operating results, and accordingly no restatement has been made to prior period reported amounts.
The Company’s main sources of revenue are comprised of the following:
Research and Development Costs
Research and development costs are charged to operations as incurred.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation, with depreciation recognized on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term, if applicable. When assets are retired or disposed, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any resulting gains or losses are included in income. Repairs and maintenance are charged to expense in the period incurred.
The estimated useful lives of property and equipment are generally as follows: buildings and building improvements, seven to thirty-nine years; tenant improvements, the remaining duration of the related lease; furniture and fixtures, seven years; machinery and equipment, five to ten years. Land is not depreciated.
The Company’s property and equipment are individually reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable from the undiscounted future cash flows of such asset over the anticipated holding period. An impairment loss is measured by the excess of the asset’s carrying amount over its estimated fair value.
Impairment analyses are based on management’s current plans, asset holding periods, and currently available market information. If these criteria change, the Company’s evaluation of impairment losses may be different and could have a material impact to the consolidated financial statements.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, based on the results of management’s impairment analyses, there were no impairment losses.
The consolidated financial statements reflect the Company’s adoption of ASC 842, Leases, as amended by subsequent accounting standards updates, utilizing the modified retrospective transition approach which calls for applying the new standard to all of the Company’s leases effective January 1, 2019, which is the effective date of adoption.
ASC 842 is intended to improve financial reporting of leasing transactions. The most prominent change from previous accounting guidance is the requirement to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet representing the rights and obligations created by operating leases that extend more than twelve months in which the Company is the lessee. The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under ASC 842. Accordingly, the Company accounted for its existing operating leases that commenced before the effective date as operating leases under the new guidance without reassessing (i) whether the contracts contain a lease, (ii) the classification of the leases (iii) the accounting for indirect costs as defined in ASC 842.
The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Right-of-use assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Non-lease components within lease agreements are accounted for separately. Right-of-use assets and obligations are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term, utilizing the Company’s incremental borrowing rate. The Company’s lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The Company evaluates the recoverability of its fixed assets and other assets in accordance with ASC 360-10-15, Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets. Impairment of long-lived assets is recognized when the net book value of such assets exceeds their expected cash flows, in which case the assets are written down to fair value, which is determined based on discounted future cash flows or appraised values.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company follows the provisions of ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, to measure the fair value of its financial instruments, and ASC 825, Financial Instruments, for disclosures on the fair value of its financial instruments. To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures, ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs. The three levels of fair value hierarchy defined by ASC 820 are:
The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, such as cash and accounts payable approximate their fair values due to the short maturity of these instruments.
The fair value of option and warrant issuances are determined using the Black-Scholes pricing model and employing several inputs such as the expected life of instrument, the exercise price, the expected risk-free interest rate, the expected dividend yield, the value of the Company’s common stock on issuance date, and the expected volatility of such common stock. The following table summarizes the range of inputs used by the Company during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018:
The expected life of an instrument is calculated using the simplified method pursuant to Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 14, Share-Based Payment, which allows for using the mid-point between the vesting date and expiration date. The volatility factors are based on the historical two-year movement of the Company’s common stock prior to an instrument’s issuance date. The risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury rates with maturity periods similar to the expected instruments life on the issuance date.
The Company amortizes the fair value of option and warrant issuances on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of each instrument.
Extinguishment of Liabilities
The Company accounts for extinguishment of liabilities in accordance with ASC 405-20, Extinguishments of Liabilities. When the conditions for extinguishment are met, the liabilities are written down to zero and a gain or loss is recognized.
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation using the fair value method as set forth in ASC 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation, which requires a public entity to measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for an equity award based on the fair value of the award on the grant date, with limited exceptions. Such value will be incurred as compensation expense over the period an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award, usually the vesting period. No compensation cost is recognized for equity awards for which employees do not render the requisite service.
The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon differences between the financial reporting and tax basis of assets and liabilities, and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance to the extent management concludes it is more likely than not that the assets will not be realized. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the consolidated statements of operations in the period that includes the enactment date.
ASC 740 prescribes a comprehensive model for how companies should recognize, measure, present, and disclose in their financial statements uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken on a tax return. The Company did not take any uncertain tax positions and had no adjustments to unrecognized income tax liabilities or benefits for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018.
Related Party Transactions
The Company follows ASC 850, Related Party Disclosures, for the identification of related parties and disclosure of related party transactions.
In accordance with ASC 850, the Company’s financial statements include disclosures of material related party transactions, other than compensation arrangements, expense allowances, and other similar items in the ordinary course of business, as well as transactions that are eliminated in the preparation of financial statements.
The Company reports comprehensive income and its components following guidance set forth by ASC 220, Comprehensive Income, which establishes standards for the reporting and display of comprehensive income and its components in the consolidated financial statements. There were no items of comprehensive income applicable to the Company during the period covered in the financial statements.
Earnings Per Share
Earnings per common share is computed pursuant to ASC 260, Earnings Per Share. Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the sum of the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding plus the weighted average number of potentially dilutive securities during the period.
As of September 30, 2019 and 2018, there were 16,815,107 and 15,497,823, respectively, of potentially dilutive securities in the form of outstanding options and warrants. As of September 30, 2019, there were $350,000 of convertible promissory notes and $11.1 million of convertible debentures payable outstanding, that were potentially dilutive, whose conversion into common stock is based on a discount to the market value of common stock on or about the future conversion date. No such debt instruments existed as of September 30, 2018.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, all potentially dilutive securities had an anti-dilutive effect on earnings per share, and in accordance with ASC 260, were excluded from the diluted net income per share calculations, resulting in identical basic and fully diluted net income per share for these periods. The potentially dilutive securities may dilute earnings per share in the future.
Commitments and Contingencies
The Company follows ASC 450, Contingencies, which requires the Company to assess the likelihood that a loss will be incurred from the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more future events. Such assessment inherently involves an exercise of judgment. In assessing possible loss contingencies from legal proceedings or unasserted claims, the Company evaluates the perceived merits of such proceedings or claims, and of the relief sought or expected to be sought.
If the assessment of a contingency indicates that it is probable that a material loss will be incurred and the amount of the liability can be estimated, then the estimated liability would be accrued in the Company’s financial statements. If the assessment indicates that a potentially material loss contingency is not probable but is reasonably possible, or is probable but cannot be estimated, then the nature of the contingent liability, and an estimate of the range of possible losses, if determinable and material, would be disclosed. Loss contingencies considered remote are generally not disclosed unless they involve guarantees, in which case the guarantees would be disclosed.
While not assured, management does not believe, based upon information available at this time, that a loss contingency will have material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Beneficial Conversion Features on Convertible Debt
Convertible instruments that are not bifurcated as a derivative pursuant to ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and not accounted for as a separate equity component under the cash conversion guidance are evaluated to determine whether their conversion prices create an embedded beneficial conversion feature at inception, or may become beneficial in the future due to potential adjustments.
A beneficial conversion feature is a nondetachable conversion feature that is “in-the-money” at the commitment date. The in-the-money portion, also known as the intrinsic value of the option, is recorded in equity, with an offsetting discount to the carrying amount of convertible debt to which it is attached. The discount is amortized to interest expense over the life of the debt with adjustments to amortization upon full or partial conversions of the debt.
Risk and Uncertainties
The Company is subject to risks common to companies operating within the legal and medical marijuana industries, including, but not limited to, federal laws, government regulations and jurisdictional laws.
Noncontrolling interests represent third-party minority ownership of the Company’s consolidated subsidiaries. Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests is shown in the consolidated statements of operations; and the value of net assets owned by noncontrolling interests are presented as a component of equity within the balance sheets.
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
The Company does not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, which enhances and clarifies the guidance on the classification and presentation of restricted cash in the statement of cash flows. This ASU was adopted effective January 1, 2019 with no impact to the Company’s financial statements and related disclosures.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvement to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which is part of the FASB’s simplification initiative to maintain or improve the usefulness of the information provided to the users of financial statements while reducing cost and complexity in financial reporting. This update, which provides consistency in the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees with that of employees, was adopted effective January 1, 2019 with no material impact to the Company’s financial statements and related disclosures.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) which simplifies goodwill impairment testing by requiring that such periodic testing be performed by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount and recognizing an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this ASU on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures, which is effective for fiscal years, including interim periods, beginning after December 15, 2019.
In addition to the above, the Company has reviewed all other recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting pronouncements, and does not believe the future adoption of any such pronouncements will have a material impact on its financial condition or the results of its operations.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef