Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)


12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2022
Business Combination and Asset Acquisition [Abstract]  

In December 2021, the Company entered into a membership interest purchase agreement with the members of Kind (the "Kind Sellers") to acquire 100% of the equity ownership of Kind. Kind was the Company's client in Maryland that holds licenses for the cultivation, production, and dispensing of medical cannabis. Upon execution of the membership interest purchase agreement, the Company deposited $5.0 million into escrow as a contract down payment. In April 2022, the Maryland Medical Cannabis Commission approved the Company’s acquisition of Kind, and the acquisition was completed on the Kind Acquisition Date (the “Kind Acquisition”). As consideration for Kind, the Company paid the Kind Sellers $13.1 million, which amount was reduced by $2.3 million of cash acquired (together, the "Kind Cash Consideration"), and issued four-year 6.0% promissory notes in the aggregate principal amount of $6.5 million to the Kind Sellers, secured by a first priority lien on the Company’s property in Hagerstown, MD (the "Kind Notes" and, together with the "Kind Cash Consideration, the "Kind Consideration"). The Kind Acquisition has allowed the Company to expand its operations into the Maryland cannabis industry and marketplace.

The Kind Acquisition has been accounted for as a business combination and the financial results of Kind have been included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the period subsequent to the Kind Acquisition Date. The Company’s financial results for the year ended December 31, 2022 include $8.1 million of revenue and a net loss of $1.5 million attributable to Kind. A summary of the preliminary allocation of Kind Consideration to the acquired assets, identifiable intangible assets and certain assumed liabilities at December 31, 2022 is as follows (in thousands):

Fair value of consideration transferred:
  Cash consideration:
    Cash paid at closing $ 10,128 
    Release of escrow 2,444 
    Severance paid from escrow 556 
    Less cash acquired (2,310)
      Net cash consideration 10,818 
  Note payable 5,634 
  Write-off of accounts receivable 658 
  Write-off of deferred accounts receivable 842 
        Total fair value of consideration transferred $ 17,952 
Fair value of assets acquired and (liabilities assumed):
  Current assets, net of cash acquired $ 5,047 
  Property and equipment 622 
  Intangible assets:
    Trade name and trademarks 2,041 
    Licenses and customer base 4,700 
    Non-compete agreements 42 
  Goodwill 6,011 
  Current liabilities (511)
        Fair value of net assets acquired $ 17,952 

The valuation of the acquired intangible assets is inherently subjective and relies on significant unobservable inputs. The Company used an income approach to value the acquired trade name/trademarks, licenses/customer base, and non-compete intangible assets. The valuation for each of these intangible assets was based on estimated projections of expected cash flows to be generated by the assets discounted to the present value at discount rates commensurate with perceived risk. The valuation assumptions take into consideration the Company’s estimates of new markets, products and customers and its outcome through key assumptions driving asset values, including sales growth, royalty rates and other related costs.

The Company is amortizing the identifiable intangible assets in relation to the expected cash flows from the individual intangible assets over their respective useful lives, which have a weighted average life of 5.77 years (see Note 10). Goodwill resulted from assets that were not separately identifiable as part of the transaction and was not deductible for tax purposes.
Concurrent with entering into the Kind membership purchase agreement, the Company entered into a membership interest purchase agreement with one of the members of Kind to acquire such member’s entire equity ownership interest in (i) Mari Holdings MD LLC (“Mari-MD”), the Company’s majority-owned subsidiary that owns production and retail cannabis facilities in Hagerstown, MD and Annapolis, MD, and (ii) Mia Development LLC (“Mia”), the Company’s majority-owned subsidiary that owns production and retail cannabis facilities in Wilmington, DE. Upon the dismissal in September 2022 of the derivative claims in the DiPietro lawsuit (see Note 21), the Company paid the aggregate purchase consideration of $2.0 million, and the transaction was completed, increasing the Company’s ownership of Mari-MD and Mia to 99.7% and 94.3%, respectively.

Pro Forma Results

The following unaudited pro forma information presents the condensed combined results of MariMed and Kind for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 as if the Kind Acquisition had been completed on January 1, 2021, with adjustments to give effect to pro forma events that are directly attributable to the Kind Acquisition. These pro forma adjustments include the reversal of MariMed revenue and related cost of sales derived from Kind prior to the Kind Acquisition Date, amortization expense for the acquired intangible assets, depreciation expense for property and equipment acquired by MariMed as part of the Kind Acquisition, and interest expense related to the Kind Notes. Pro forma adjustments also include the elimination of acquisition-related and other expense directly attributable to the Kind Acquisition from the year ended December 31, 2022 and inclusion of these expenses in the year ended December 31, 2021.

The unaudited pro forma results do not reflect any operating efficiencies or potential cost savings that may result from the consolidation of the operations of MariMed and Kind. Accordingly, these unaudited pro forma results are presented for illustrative purposes and are not intended to represent or be indicative of the actual results of operations of the combined company that would have been achieved had the Kind Acquisition occurred at the beginning of the period presented or are they intended to represent or be indicative of future results of operations (in thousands):
Year ended December 31,
2022 2021
Revenue 136,078  131,658 
Net income 15,823  16,627 

Green Growth Group Inc.

In January 2022, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement to acquire 100% of the equity ownership of Green Growth Group Inc. (“Green Growth”), an entity that holds a craft cultivation and production cannabis license issued by the Illinois Department of Agriculture, in exchange for cash of $1.9 million and shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $1.5 million. Concurrently, the Company made a good faith deposit of $0.1 million.

In April 2022, the Illinois Department of Agriculture approved the Company’s acquisition of Green Growth, and the purchase transaction (the “Green Growth Acquisition”) was completed on May 5, 2022 (the “Green Growth Acquisition Date”). The Company paid the remaining $1.8 million in cash and issued 2,343,750 shares of MariMed common stock to the sellers on the Green Growth Acquisition Date. With this license, the Company can cultivate up to 14,000 square feet of cannabis flowers and produce cannabis concentrates. The Company believes that the acquisition of this cannabis license will allow it to be vertically integrated in Illinois by growing cannabis and producing cannabis products that can be distributed and sold at the Company-owned Thrive dispensaries and sold into the robust Illinois wholesale cannabis marketplace.

The Company has allocated the purchase price to its licenses/customer base intangible asset. The Company recorded $0.2 million of amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2022 for the intangible asset acquired, based on an estimated ten-year life for such asset.

Greenhouse Naturals LLC

In November 2021, the Company entered into an asset purchase agreement with Greenhouse Naturals LLC (the "Greenhouse Naturals Sellers") to acquire the cannabis license and assume the property lease associated with a cannabis dispensary in Beverly, MA. The purchase price was comprised of 2,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock
payable at closing and $5.1 million in cash, with $5.0 million of the cash amount payable post-closing on a monthly basis as a percentage of the dispensary's monthly gross sales.

The purchase transaction (the "Greenhouse Naturals Acquisition") was completed on December 30, 2022 (the "Greenhouse Naturals Acquisition Date"). The Company paid $0.1 million of cash and issued 2,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock, with a fair value of $0.7 million on the Greenhouse Naturals Acquisition Date, to the Sellers. The Company issued a note to the Greenhouse Naturals Sellers for the remaining $5.0 million of the cash purchase price (the "Greenhouse Naturals Note"), and has recorded the Greenhouse Naturals Note at present value of $4.3 million. The difference between the face value of the Greenhouse Naturals Note and the net present value recorded will be amortized to interest expense over the term of the note. Upon final inspection by the State of Massachusetts, the dispensary will be able to open, and the Company hopes that this will occur in the first half of 2023. The Company has allocated the purchase price to a licenses/customer base intangible asset, which has an estimated useful life of 10 years.

MediTaurus LLC

In 2019, the Company acquired a 70.0% ownership interest in MediTaurus LLC ("MediTaurus), a developer of CBD products sold under the Florance brand name, in exchange for stock and cash aggregating $2.8 million. In September 2021, the Company acquired the remaining 30.0% ownership interest of MediTaurus in exchange for 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, valued at approximately $94,000, and $10,000 in cash. The carrying value of the noncontrolling interest of approximately $975,000 was eliminated on the date such remaining ownership interest was acquired, and as there was no change in control of MediTaurus from this transaction, the resulting gain on the bargain purchase was recognized in Additional paid-in capital in the consolidated balance sheets. As part of this transaction, the initial purchase agreement was amended, eliminating all future license fees and payments to the prior owners of MediTaurus. The Company has since discontinued sales of its MediTaurus products.

Pending Acquisitions

Allgreens Dispensary, LLC ("Allgreens")

In August 2022, the Company entered into an agreement to purchase 100% of the membership interests in Allgreens Dispensary, LLC (the "Allgreens Agreement"), a conditional adult-use cannabis dispensary license in Illinois for $2,250,000 of cash. Completion of the acquisition is dependent upon certain conditions, including resolution of any remaining legal challenges affecting nearly 200 social equity dispensary licenses, and regulatory approval of the acquisition. Once the acquisition is complete, which the Company expects to occur in 2023, the Company will have five adult-use dispensaries operating in Illinois.

Under the Allgreens Agreement, the Company made an initial advance payment of $250,000 to the Allgreens members, with additional cash payments aggregating $2.0 million to be made as specific milestones as defined in the Allgreens Agreement are reached. The Company will issue promissory notes for the final payment of $1.0 million, which is due at closing (the "Allgreens Notes"). The Allgreens Notes will mature one year from the date the dispensary may begin operating.

Robust Missouri Process and Manufacturing 1, LLC ("Robust")

In September 2022, the Company entered into an agreement to acquire 100% of the membership interests in Robust Missouri Processing and Manufacturing 1, LLC (the "Robust Agreement"), a Missouri wholesale and cultivator, for $0.7 million of cash. Completion of the acquisition is dependent upon obtaining all requisite approvals from the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, which is expected to occur in 2023. Under the Robust Agreement, the Company made an initial advance payment of $350,000 to the Robust members, with an additional payment of $350,000 to be made at closing.

Cancelled Acquisition

The Harvest Foundation LLC

In 2019, the Company entered into a purchase agreement to acquire 100% of the ownership interests of The Harvest Foundation LLC (“Harvest”), the Company’s cannabis-licensed client in the State of Nevada. The purchase price was comprised of the issuance of (i) 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, in the aggregate, to two owners of
Harvest, as a good faith deposit, which were issued upon execution of the purchase agreement. The issued shares were recorded at par value. Such shares were restricted and a portion of these shares could be returned to the Company in the event the transaction did not close. In addition, $1.2 million of the Company’s common stock would be issued at closing and warrants to purchase 400,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to the closing price of the Company’s common stock would be granted on the day prior to legislative approval of the transaction.

The acquisition was conditioned upon state regulatory approval of the transaction and other closing conditions. Upon approval, and the fulfillment of other closing conditions, the ownership of Harvest would be transferred to the Company. There was no assurance that the closing conditions to the Company’s acquisition of Harvest, including regulatory approval, would be achieved or that the acquisition would be consummated.

The regulatory approval process for license transfers in Nevada experienced significant delays as a result of multiple factors, including the impact of COVID. Additionally, the progress of this potential acquisition had been delayed as a result of actions taken by the Nevada Cannabis Control Board (the "CCB") relating to regulatory operating violations by Harvest. Harvest was unable to negotiate a settlement with the CCB to resolve these violations, which would have allowed it to proceed with the sale. In October 2022, the CCB issued an order approving the placement of a receiver to oversee Harvest and its licenses. The Company monitored the status of these regulatory matters, and ultimately determined that it should withdraw from the agreement to purchase Harvest, and submitted such request to the CCB. The CCB accepted the request by the Company, releasing the Company from the liabilities related to this cancelled transaction.