BUSINESS COMBINATIONS AND ASSET PURCHASES
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2023
|Business Combination and Asset Acquisition [Abstract]|
|BUSINESS COMBINATIONS AND ASSET PURCHASES||BUSINESS COMBINATIONS AND ASSET PURCHASES
On February 21, 2023, the Company announced its intention to acquire the operating assets of Ermont, a medical licensed vertical cannabis operator, located in Quincy, Massachusetts, subject to approval by the Massachusetts Cannabis Control Commission (the "CCC"). In March 2023, the CCC approved the Company's acquisition of Ermont, and the Ermont Acquisition was completed on March 9, 2023. The Ermont Acquisition provided the Company with its third dispensary in
Massachusetts, substantially completing its build-out to the maximum allowable by state regulations.
As consideration for the Ermont Acquisition, which totaled $13.0 million, the Company paid $3.0 million of cash, issued 6,580,390 shares of the Company's common stock, and issued a $7.0 million promissory note (the "Ermont Note" and collectively, the "Ermont Consideration"). The Ermont Note has a six-year term and bears interest at 6.0% per annum, with payments of interest-only for two years and thereafter, quarterly payments of principal and interest in arrears. The outstanding balance on the Ermont Note is due and payable in full if and when the Company raises $75.0 million of equity capital.
The Company rebranded the dispensary as Panacea Wellness Dispensary and commenced medical sales immediately after the Ermont Acquisition Date. The Ermont Acquisition also includes a Host Community Agreement with the city of Quincy to conduct adult-use cannabis sales. The Company expects to commence adult-use sales upon approval by the CCC. The Company also plans to expand the existing medical dispensary to accommodate expected increased traffic associated with adult-use sales and to repurpose Ermont's existing cultivation facility for its pheno-hunting activities. The Company has moved its pheno-hunting out of the New Bedford facility to use the freed space to cultivate its Nature's Heritage flower.
The Company's condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2023 includes $1.2 million of revenue and $0.7 million of net loss attributable to Ermont. The Company's condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 includes $2.6 million of revenue and $1.9 million of net loss attributable to Ermont for the period since the Ermont Acquisition Date.
The Ermont Acquisition has been accounted for as a business combination. The Company did not assume any of Ermont's liabilities. A summary of the preliminary allocation of the Ermont Consideration to the acquired and identifiable intangible assets is as follows (in thousands):
The Company is amortizing the identifiable intangible assets arising from the Ermont Acquisition in relation to the expected cash flows from the individual intangible assets over their respective useful lives, which have a weighted average life of 10.71 years (see Note 9). Goodwill results from assets not separately identifiable as part of the transaction, and is not deductible for tax purposes.
In December 2021, the Company entered into a membership interest purchase agreement with the members of Kind to acquire 100% of the equity ownership of Kind in exchange for $13.5 million payable in cash (subject to certain adjustments) and $6.5 million, payable by the issuance of four-year 6.0% promissory notes to the members of Kind, secured by a first priority lien on the Company’s property in Hagerstown, Maryland (collectively, the “Kind Consideration”). Kind was the Company's client in Maryland that held licenses for the cultivation, production and
dispensing of medical cannabis. Upon execution of the membership interest purchase agreement, the Company deposited $5.0 million into escrow as a contract down payment.
In April 2022, the Maryland Medical Cannabis Commission approved the Company’s acquisition of Kind, and the Kind Acquisition was completed on April 27, 2022. Following the Kind Acquisition, litigation between the Company and the members of Kind was dismissed (see Note 18).
The Kind Acquisition has been accounted for as a business combination. A summary of the final allocation of the Kind Consideration to the acquired assets, identifiable intangible assets and certain assumed liabilities is as follows (in thousands):
The Company is amortizing the identifiable intangible assets arising from the Kind Acquisition in relation to the expected cash flows from the individual intangible assets over their respective useful lives, which have a weighted average life of 5.77 years (see Note 9). Goodwill results from assets not separately identifiable as part of the transaction, and is not deductible for tax purposes.
Concurrent with entering into the Kind membership purchase agreement, the Company entered into a membership interest purchase agreement with one of the members of Kind to acquire such member’s entire equity ownership interest in (i) Mari Holdings MD LLC (“Mari-MD”), the Company’s majority-owned subsidiary that owns production and retail cannabis facilities in Hagerstown, Maryland and Annapolis, Maryland, and (ii) Mia Development LLC (“Mia”), the Company’s majority-owned subsidiary that owns production and retail cannabis facilities in Wilmington, Delaware. Upon the dismissal in September 2022 of the derivative claims in the DiPietro lawsuit (see Note 18), the Company paid the aggregate purchase consideration of $2.0 million, and the transaction was completed, increasing the Company’s then-current ownership of Mari-MD and Mia to 99.7% and 94.3%, respectively.
The following unaudited pro forma information presents the condensed combined results of MariMed and Kind for the year ended December 31, 2022 as if the Kind Acquisition had been completed on January 1, 2021, with adjustments to give effect to pro forma events that are directly attributable to the Kind Acquisition. These pro forma adjustments include the reversal of MariMed revenue and related cost of sales derived from Kind prior to the Kind Acquisition Date, amortization expense for the acquired intangible assets, depreciation expense for property and equipment acquired by MariMed as part of the Kind Acquisition, and interest expense related to the Kind Notes. Pro forma adjustments also include the elimination of acquisition-related and other expenses directly attributable to the Kind Acquisition incurred during the year ended December 31, 2022.
The unaudited pro forma results do not reflect any operating efficiencies or potential cost savings that may result from the consolidation of the operations of MariMed and Kind. Accordingly, these unaudited pro forma results are presented for illustrative purposes and are not intended to represent or be indicative of the actual results of operations of the combined companies that would have been achieved had the Kind Acquisition occurred on January 1, 2022, nor are they intended to represent or be indicative of future results of operations. The pro forma financial results for the year ended December 31, 2022, giving effect to the Kind Acquisition as if it had occurred on January 1, 2021 are as follows (unaudited, in thousands):
Valuation of Acquired Intangible Assets
The valuation of acquired intangible assets is inherently subjective and relies on significant unobservable inputs. The Company uses an income approach to value acquired tradename/trademarks, licenses/customer base, and non-compete intangible assets. The valuation for each of these intangible assets was based on estimated projections of expected cash flows to be generated by the assets discounted to the present value at discount rates commensurate with perceived risk. The valuation assumptions take into consideration the Company’s estimates of new markets, products and customers and its outcome through key assumptions driving asset values, including sales growth, royalty rates and other related costs.
In January 2022, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement to acquire 100% of the equity ownership of Green Growth Group Inc. (“Green Growth”), an entity that holds a craft cultivation and production cannabis license issued by the Illinois Department of Agriculture, in exchange for cash of $1.9 million and shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $1.5 million. Concurrently, the Company made a good faith deposit of $0.1 million.
In April 2022, the Illinois Department of Agriculture approved the Company’s acquisition of Green Growth, and the Green Growth Acquisition was completed on May 5, 2022. The Company paid the remaining $1.8 million in cash and issued 2,343,750 shares of common stock to the sellers on the Green Growth Acquisition Date. With this license, the Company can cultivate up to 14,000 square feet of canopy to grow cannabis flower and produce cannabis concentrates. The Company has allocated the purchase price to its licenses/customer base intangible asset, with an estimated useful life of ten years.
In November 2021, the Company entered into an asset purchase agreement with Greenhouse Naturals LLC (the "Greenhouse Naturals Sellers") to acquire the cannabis license and assume the property lease associated with a cannabis dispensary in Beverly, MA.
The Greenhouse Naturals Acquisition was completed on December 30, 2022, on which date the Company paid $0.1 million of cash and issued 2,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock, with a fair value of $0.7 million, to the Greenhouse Naturals Sellers. The Company issued a note to the Greenhouse Naturals Sellers for the remaining $5.0 million of the cash purchase price payable post-closing on a monthly basis as a percentage of the dispensary's monthly gross sales (the "Greenhouse Naturals Note"). The Company has recorded the Greenhouse Naturals Note at its present value of $4.3 million. The difference between the face value of the Greenhouse Naturals Note and the net present value recorded will be amortized to interest expense over the term of such note. The final inspection by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts was completed in April 2023, and the Company opened the dispensary on April 25, 2023. The Company has allocated the purchase price to a licenses/customer base intangible asset, with an estimated useful life of 10 years.
Allgreens Dispensary, LLC ("Allgreens")
In August 2022, the Company entered into an agreement to purchase 100% of the membership interests in Allgreens Dispensary, LLC (the "Allgreens Agreement"), a conditional adult-use cannabis dispensary license in Illinois for $2.25 million of cash. Completion of the acquisition is dependent upon certain conditions, including resolution of any remaining legal challenges affecting nearly 200 social equity dispensary licenses, and regulatory approval of the acquisition. If the closing conditions are met and the acquisition is completed, the Company will have five adult-use dispensaries operating in Illinois. While the Company believes this may still occur in 2023, it is quite possible that the closing date may not occur until 2024. For the interim period until the acquisition is completed, the Company has entered into a management agreement with Allgreens, with the management fees calculated as a percentage of Allgreens' revenue. In connection with this agreement, the Company recorded expenses related to Allgreens aggregating $0.1 million for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 as a component of Investments, net of current portion (see Note 7).
Pursuant to the Allgreens Agreement, as of September 30, 2023 the Company had made payments aggregating $0.5 million to the Allgreens members, with additional cash payments aggregating $1.75 million to be made as specific milestones are reached. Additionally, the Company made a cash payment of $875,000 to the Allgreens members in October 2023. The Company will issue promissory notes for the final payment of $1.0 million, which will be issued at closing (the "Allgreens Notes"). The Allgreens Notes will mature one year from the date the dispensary is permitted to commence operations.
Robust Missouri Process and Manufacturing, LLC ("Robust")
In September 2022, the Company entered into an agreement to acquire 100% of the membership interests in Robust Missouri Processing and Manufacturing 1, LLC (the "Robust Agreement"), a Missouri wholesale and cultivator, for $0.7 million of cash. Completion of the acquisition is dependent upon obtaining all requisite approvals from the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services. While the Company believes this may still occur in 2023, it is quite possible that the closing date may not occur until 2024. Pursuant to the Robust Agreement, the Company has made an initial advance payment of $350,000 to the Robust members, with an additional payment of $350,000 to be made at closing.
The entire disclosure for a business combination (or series of individually immaterial business combinations) completed during the period, including background, timing, and recognized assets and liabilities. The disclosure may include leverage buyout transactions (as applicable).
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef