Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Debentures Payable

Debentures Payable
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Debt Disclosure [Abstract]  
Debentures Payable



In October and November 2018, pursuant to a securities purchase agreement (the “SPA”), the Company sold an aggregate of $10,000,000 convertible debentures bearing interest at the rate of 6% per annum that mature three years from issuance, with a 1% issue discount, resulting in net proceeds to the Company of $9,900,000 (the “$10M Debentures”).


The holder of the $10M Debentures (the “Holder”) has the right at any time to convert all or a portion of the $10M Debenture, along with accrued and unpaid interest, into the Company’s common stock at conversion prices equal to 80% of a calculated average, as determined in the $10M Debentures, of the daily volume-weighted price during the ten consecutive trading days preceding the date of conversion. Notwithstanding this conversion right, the Holder shall limit conversions in any given month to certain agreed-upon values based on the conversion price, and the Holder shall also be limited from beneficially owning more than 4.99% of the Company’s outstanding common stock (potentially further limiting the Holder’s conversion right).


The Company shall have the right to redeem all or a portion of the $10M Debentures, along with accrued and unpaid interest, at a 10% premium, provided however that the Company first provide advance written notice to the Holder of its intention to make a redemption, with the Holder allowed to affect one or more conversions of the $10M Debentures during such notice period.


Upon a change in control transaction, as defined in the $10M Debentures, the Holder may require the Company to redeem all or a portion of the $10M Debentures at a price equal to 110% of the principal amount of the $10M Debentures plus all accrued and unpaid interest thereon. So long as the $10M Debentures are outstanding, in the event the Company enters into a Variable Rate Transaction (“VRT”), as defined in the SPA, the Holder may cause the Company to revise the terms of the $10M Debentures to match the terms of the convertible security of such VRT. As part of issuance of the $10M Debenture, the Company issued three-year warrants to the Holder to purchase 324,675 shares of common stock at exercise prices of $3.50 and $5.50 per share (the “Warrants”).


Pursuant to the terms of a registration rights agreement with the Holder, entered into concurrently with the SPA and the $10M Debentures, the Company agreed to provide the Holder with customary registration rights with respect to any potential shares issued pursuant to the terms of the SPA, the $10M Debentures, and the Warrants.


Subsequent to the consummation of the SPA and related agreements, the Company and the Holder executed an addendum to the SPA whereby the Holder agreed to that it would not undertake a conversion of all or a portion of the $10M Debentures that would require the Company to issue more shares than the amount of available authorized shares at the time of conversion, which amount of authorized shares shall not be less than the current authorized number of 500 million shares of common stock. Such addendum eliminated the requirement to bifurcate and account for the conversion feature of the $10M Debentures as a derivative.


Based on the conversion prices of the $10M Debentures in relation to the market value of the Company’s common stock, the $10M Debentures provided the Holder with a beneficial conversion feature, as the embedded conversion option was in-the-money on the commitment date. The intrinsic value of the beneficial conversion feature of approximately $5.6 million was recorded as a discount to the carrying amount of the $10M Debentures, with an offset to additional paid-in-capital.


In addition to the discount related to the beneficial conversion feature, an additional discount of approximately $1.057 million was recorded based on the allocation of proceeds to the fair value of the Warrants attached to the debt.


In November and December 2018, the Holder converted $1,400,000 of principal and approximately $36,000 of accrued interest into 524,360 shares of common stock at conversion prices of $2.23 and $3.04 per share.


During the year ended December 31, 2018, amortization of the beneficial conversion feature, after adjustment for the partial conversions, approximated $1.5 million; amortization of the Warrants discount approximated $91,000; and the amortization of original issue discount approximated $9,000. This amortization was charged to interest expense. Additionally, accrued interest expense on the notes for such period approximated $98,000 of which approximately $36,000 was paid prior to the end of the year.


At December 31, 2018, the unamortized balances of the beneficial conversion feature, Warrants discount, and original issue discount were approximately $4.1 million, $966,000, and $91,000, respectively. Also on such date, the outstanding principal balance on the $10M Debentures was $8.6 million, with accrued and unpaid interest of approximately $62,000. Accordingly, at December 31, 2018, the carrying value of the $10M Debentures was approximately $3.6 million.